The Week Junior UK - 03.08.2019

(Axel Boer) #1
O

n25J uly,temperaturesintheUKandacross
Europe reachedrecord highswhenlargepartsof
thecontinentwereaffectedbyaseriousheatwave.
Whathappened in Europe?
ManyEuropeancountriesexperiencedtheir
hottestdaysonrecord .Int heFrenchcapital,Paris,
temperaturessoaredtoasweltering42.6°C,br eaking
theprevioushighof40.7°C,whichwassetin1947.
TheGermantownofLingensetanationalrecord
with42.6°C,andintheNetherlandstemperatures
climbedhigherthan40°Cforthefirsttime.The
continentexperiencedhightemperaturesbecause
ofhotairmovingnorthfromAfrica,butitwasn’tjust
Europethatwasaffectedbythesizzlingheatwave.
ThehotairreachedtheArcticCircle,sparking
wildfiresinpartsofGreenland,RussiaandtheUS
stateofAlaska.ThesmokefromlargefiresinRussia
couldbeseenfromspace.
Whatwas it likeint he UK?
TemperaturessoaredacrosstheUKduringthe
heatwave.On25July,CambridgeBotanicGarden
record edatemperatureof3 8.7°C–anewrecord
fortheUK.Theaveragehighestdailytemperatures

duringthesummerforCambridgeshireare20–23°C.
TheUK’ sprevioushighesttemperaturewas38.5°C,
reachedinFaversham,Kent,in2003.Scotlandalso
haditshottestdayoftheyear,whentemperatures
inEdinburghgotupto31.6°C.Duringtheheatwave,
thunderstormsstruckpartsofthecountry.Ont he
nightof23July,around48,000lightningstrikes
wererecorded.

Whywasitsohot?
Europehashadheatwavesbefore,butweather
expertssaytheyarehappeningmore
oftenbecauseofclimatechange.Clim
changereferstothelong-termchange
worldweatherpatterns,suchasrising
temperatures.Humanactivitiessuch
asburningfossilfuels(coal,oiland
gas),farmingandcuttingdown
forestsaremajorcauses.Thetop
10warmestyearsonrecord inthe
UKhaveallhappenedsince2002,
accord ingtonewstudiesbytheMet
Office(aUKorganisationthatprovide
weatherforecasts).

Howdid it affect people?
NetworkRail,whichcontrolsmostoftheUK’srailway
lines,saidoverheadpowercablesmelted,delaying
services.InBelgium,upto700passengersonthe
internationalEurostarservicehadto waitattheside
ofthetrackbecausethepowerontheirtrainfailed.
Temperaturesinsidethetrainreachedanestimated
60 °Caftertheairconditioningstoppedworking.
HolidaymakersatHeathrowandGatwickairports
spentthenightsleepingonthefloorwhentheirflights
werecancelledbecauseofthunderstorms.

Howdid people stay safe?
TheUK’ sNationalHealth
Servic e(NHS)warned
parentstokeepbabies
outofdirectsunlightand
tokeepotherchildren
outofthesunasmuch
aspossible.Homeless
charitieshelpedpeople
sleepingonthestreets,and
peoplewereaskedtolook
aftertheelderly.

The Week Junior•3August 2019

This week’s big news

Hightemperaturesbreak

recordsacrossEurope

2

Zookeepers worked hardto
look after their animals during
the heatwave.Staff at Drusillas
ParkZooinEast Sussexused
blocksoficeto helpcool the
animals down. Manyzoos
gave their animals special ice
lollies–the penguins atLondon
Zooweregiven ones made
from fish. Cat and dog owners
werewarned not to leave their
animals in hotcars, and wildlife
charities asked people to put
water outforhedgehogs and
other wild creatures.

Keeping animalscool
in the hotweather

Aboy jumps intoapool
in Bielefeld, Germany.

HOT, HOT, HOT
Thehighes

trecorded

temperatur

einEurope is

48


°C,whic hwas measur

ed

in Athens, in Gr

eece,

in July 19

77.

ate
esin
ng

s

Meerkats eat
frozen treats.
Free download pdf