Global Times - 01.08.2019

(Jacob Rumans) #1
6 Thursday August 1, 2019

FOCUS


Northeast China’s Liaoning
Province is attempting to en-
courage two-child families by
offering favorable welfare, local
media reported on Wednesday.
The Standing Committee
of the Liaoning Provincial
People’s Congress deliberated
a draft of the regulation on
population and family plan-
ning on Monday, aiming to

relieve the burdens placed on
two-child families. The regula-
tion requires government to
support two-child families and
provide subsidies for childcare
and schooling, according to
the report. The regulation
also suggests governments
establish supporting policies
for child-bearing and nurtur-
ing, and allocate social security

resources such as child nurtur-
ing agencies, and schools.
Companies are encouraged
to provide women with flexible
work schedules and necessary
conveniences to guarantee
them special occupational pro-
tection during pregnancy and
lactation periods.
The regulation encour-
ages married couples to have

two children, and encourages
remarried couples (resumed
marriages are excluded), who
already have two children, to
have one more child, regard-
less of which marriage the
children were the products of.
The regulation also adds
seven more days to marital
leaves. If couples give birth
according to the regulation, the

mother will enjoy an additional
60 days of maternity leave, and
the father is entitled to a paid
15-day nursing leave, while
other welfares remain.

Global Times

Liaoning encourages second child birth with generous welfare


Page Editor:
lilei@globaltimes.com.cn

By Li Lei

S


outhwest China’s Yunnan Province
has a long history and tradition of
hemp plantation, with its produc-
tion yield used in rope-making and
textiles.
Compared with traditional economic
crops, hemp plantations bring more
income to local farmers. “The price var-
ies from different varieties. Usually, a
kilogram of hemp leaves or flowers can
be sold for as much as 15 yuan ($2.2) per
kilogram,” Tan Xin, chairperson of the
Beijing-based Hanma Investment Group
(HMI Group), told the Global Times.
The HMI Group is the leading com-
pany among the few that are allowed to
engage in hemp-related business in Chi-
na, which is currently planting industrial
hemp in Yunnan Province and Northeast
China’s Heilongjiang Province.
“While [Yunnan’s] role as a traditional
tobacco planting base fades, industrial
hemp has been rising as an important
economic plant in Yunnan, and is playing
an important role in local economic devel-
opment,” said Tan.
In modern times, hemp is being
applied in more areas. Different from
medical marijuana, industrial hemp can
be used in bandages, diapers and tampons
with its natural anti-bacterial, fast-drying
and ultraviolet-proof properties, said Tan.

Non-narcotic
A major component of industrial hemp
is cannabidiol (CBD),
a non-psychoactive
compound, and psy-
choactive constituent
tetrahydrocan-

nabinol (THC) content is an important
indicator to differentiate narcotic hemp
and industrial hemp.
“High THC content means high narcot-
ics content,” Zhao Lining, deputy director
of a hemp seed cultivation research room
of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural
science told Yicai, China’s financial media.
“In the EU and Canada, hemp with THC
lower than 0.3 percent is industrial hemp,
and THC content higher than 1 percent is
narcotic hemp. In China, THC content in
hemp is lower than 0.3, which is low- or
non-narcotic.”
“Industrial hemp is non-narcotic, nei-
ther addictive,” said Wu Xinghong, head
of the Academy of Agricultural Science of
Northeast China’s Jilin Province.
There are more than 30 countries
around the world that allow the plantation
of industrial hemp. “CBD tranquilizes and
allays excitement and is used for easing
epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s
disease, depression and brain tumors,” ac-
cording to China’s breaking news website
Guanchazhe.
In order to protect traditional economic
growth while implementing drug control,
in March 2003, Yunnan Province released
a provisional regulation on industrial
hemp management, making it the first
province to authorize hemp plantation in
China.
According to statistics, China has the
largest area of hemp plantations globally,
and has planted more than half of the
world’s industrial hemp since it approved
plantation. Among a global 606 patents
involving hemp, China holds 309.
Tan told the Global Times that the
HMI Group’s products have
been applied in cosmetics,
skincare products, textile
products, food, bever-
ages and biopharming.
China has not of-

ficially allowed the application of indus-
trial hemp in food and pharmaceuticals.
American and European countries are the
major markets for the HMI Group’s food
and beverage products such as albumen
powder and CBD drinks.
“CBD extracted from industrial hemp
works well in treating neurodegenerative
diseases, and the HMI Group currently
has several such medicines under develop-
ment,” Tan told the Global Times.

Strict management
Despite its low psychoactive-substance
content, the THC content of industrial
hemp has been strictly controlled in many
countries to prevent the abuse of mari-
juana.
“In the actual plantation, seeds of
industrial hemp are specially selected to
cultivate a variety with low THC, and any
company engaging in hemp plantation
and processing should get a license and
accept strict management from the au-
thority,” Hua Zhendong, technical director
of China’s National Narcotic Control Com-
mission’s National Narcotics Laboratory,
told the Global Times in a previous report.
Tan told the Global Times on Friday
that drug control departments of the pub-
lic security authority issue licenses after
strict investigation.
“Although THC content of industrial
hemp is lower than 0.3 percent, a factory
is able to extract the matter to make nar-
cotics if it intends to do so, which requires
management in accordance with drug
control in the industrial hemp production
process,” Zhao said.
Tan told the Global Times that in order
to prevent industrial hemp from falling
into illegal usage, production processes at
the HMI Group involving raw materials
and extraction are under intense surveil-
lance.
“More than 300 surveillance cameras
are installed in the production line of
hemp leaves and flowers, without any
blind angle,” said Tan. “Footage of these
cameras would be sent to the public secu-
rity authority.”
All staff members are mandated to
have their urine tested monthly. During
the extraction process, manufactur-
ing shops should be closed to
avoid any human contact.
It is not difficult to plant
industrial hemp. However,
the strict management
establishes a rather
high threshold for the
industry, said Tan.

GREEN GOLD


A scientist from the
HMI Group carries
a jar of cannabinoid
extracted from hemp
flowers and leaves.
Photo: Courtesy of HMI
Group


Hemp companies see fortune behind tight controls
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