The Wall Street Journal - 14.09.2019 - 15.09.2019

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A2| Saturday/Sunday, September 14 - 15, 2019 ** THE WALL STREET JOURNAL.**


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Oracle Corp. Co-Chief Exec-
utive Mark Hurd’s realizable
pay for the three years ended
in 2018 was $267 million,
which was $77 million, or
40.6%, more than initially re-
ported. That amount included a
$17 million reduction from
stock-market activity and in-
creases from performance-eq-
uity factors. An Aug. 26 Page
One article about CEOs’ pay
and an accompanying chart in-
correctly said Mr. Hurd’s real-
izable pay for the three years
was $535 million, an increase
of $345 million, or 181%, in-
cluding a $39.9 million reduc-
tion from stock-market activity.

The Natural Resources De-
fense Council was incorrectly
called the National Resources
Defense Council in a U.S. News
article Friday about Alaska’s
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

The late Richard Rainwater
lived in Fort Worth, Texas. An
obituary of T. Boone Pickens
Jr. on Thursday incorrectly
referred to Mr. Rainwater as a
Dallas billionaire. Also, a Pick-
ens-led investment group
earned $760 million when its
Gulf Corp. shares appreciated
during Chevron’s takeover of
Gulf. The obituary incorrectly
referred to appreciation of
shares of Mesa Petroleum

A photograph with a
World News article Friday
about Israel and Hezbollah
showed Israeli soldiers un-
loading a self-propelled how-
itzer. The caption incorrectly
said they were unloading a

The Council of Fashion De-
signers of America and events

and talent manager IMG orga-
nized separate New York fash-
ion week calendars. A Life &
Arts article Thursday about
runway shows failed to men-
tion that CFDA organizes its
own calendar, incorrectly im-
plying there is only one fash-
ion week calendar.

Camilla Fayed opened the
London restaurant Farmacy in
2016, the same year she sold
her majority share of the
clothing company Issa. An ar-
ticle about Ms. Fayed in Sep-
tember’s WSJ. Magazine in-
correctly said Issa closed in

  1. Also, Farmacy’s resi-
    dency at Chefs Club Counter
    in New York runs from Sept.
    13 through Feb. 29, 2020. A
    photo caption with the article
    didn’t make clear that the
    residency lasted longer than
    this month.

Readers can alert The Wall Street Journal to any errors in news articles by emailing
or by calling 888-410-2667.




Court Revives Trump
Business Lawsuit

A federal appeals court in New
York revived a lawsuit that alleges
President Trump is unconstitution-
ally profiting from his presidency.
In a 2-1 decision, the Second
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
said on Friday plaintiffs repre-
senting hotels and restaurants
that compete with Mr. Trump’s
businesses had legal standing to
bring their claims.
The case is among several
pending lawsuits alleging viola-
tions of constitutional clauses
that prohibit Mr. Trump from re-
ceiving emoluments—things of
value—from foreign govern-
ments, or those of U.S. states.
The Justice Department—
which represents Mr. Trump be-
cause he is acting as president—
declined to comment.
—Jacob Gershman


Sen. Harris Questions
DOJ Emissions Probe

California Sen. Kamala Harris
on Friday asked the Justice De-
partment’s inspector general to
investigate why the department
opened an antitrust probe of
four auto makers who reached a
deal with California on vehicle-
emissions standards.
Ms. Harris, a Democratic presi-
dential candidate, said in a letter
to DOJ Inspector General Michael
Horowitz that there were “serious
questions about whether federal
law enforcement is being used to
coerce the four auto makers to
abandon their efforts to make
cleaner, less-polluting vehicles.”
A Ford spokeswoman referred
to an earlier company statement
that it would cooperate in any in-
quiry. The other auto makers didn’t
respond to requests to comment.
—Brent Kendall


Car Sales Fuel Retail
Spending in August

Spending on vehicles drove
strong retail sales in August,
suggesting American shoppers
continue to support the econ-
omy at a time of heightened
global uncertainty.
Retail sales, a measure of
purchases at stores, restaurants
and online, climbed a seasonally
adjusted 0.4% in August from a
month earlier, the Commerce De-
partment said Friday. The robust
report beat economists’ expecta-
tions and came on the heels of
stronger spending in July than
initially estimated, a rise of 0.8%.
The data provide reassurance
that household spending remains
an economic bulwark against
signs of a global slowdown,
though perhaps not enough to
prevent some softening in U.S.
growth in the third quarter.
—Harriet Torry

The U.S. is pursuing the probes of Olympics organizations less
than a year before the start of the 2020 Games in Tokyo.


protect consumers from mal-
ware or other threats. Its apps
account for a small fraction of
those available on the store,
and it collects money from
only 16% of the 2 million apps
 Facebook received ques-
tions about its executives’ dis-
cussions around the acquisi-
tions of WhatsApp, Instagram,
and the data-security app
Onavo, as well as decisions re-
lated to which third-party apps
access its social-media platform.
The companies are likely to
resist carte blanche access,
which could set in motion nego-
tiations with the House commit-
tee over the scope of materials
provided, said William Kovacic,
former chair of the Federal

Trade Commission.
“If you want everything, ev-
erything will take a long
time,” said Mr. Kovacic, who is
now a George Washington Uni-
versity professor. The next
step will be “intense negotia-
tions between the companies
and the committee about what
will be produced,” he said.
The House committee isn’t
subpoenaing the records,
though it has the authority to
do so—a fact that gives law-
makers a stick they can use in
negotiations over access.
Committee Chairman Jerr-
old Nadler said the requests

will aid an investigation, be-
gun on June 3, into “growing
evidence that a handful of cor-
porations have come to cap-
ture an outsized share of on-
line commerce and
“This information is key in
helping determine whether an-
ticompetitive behavior is occur-
ring,” said Rep. Doug Collins
(R., Ga.), the panel’s top Repub-
lican. The letters were also
signed by Reps. David Cicilline
(D., R.I.) and Jim Sensenbrenner
(R., Wis.), the two senior mem-
bers of the panel’s subcommit-
tee on antitrust issues.
The companies didn’t com-
ment Friday. All four firms have
previously said they provide
significant benefits to consum-
ers and face significant compe-
tition. They have expressed
willingness to work with au-
The congressional probe
adds to scrutiny of the tech gi-
ants, which already face a broad
antitrust review by the Justice
Department that could lead to
formal investigations. The de-
partment has asked Google for
information about previous an-
titrust probes by other agen-
The Federal Trade Commis-
sion, the other top U.S. antitrust
enforcer, has opened an investi-
gation of Facebook, with an
early focus on its key acquisi-
tions, and is questioning third-
party sellers who use Amazon’s
marketplace. FTC Chair Joseph
Simons declined to comment
Friday on the House letters.
State attorneys general from
both parties recently launched
probes of Google, with an early
focus on its advertising busi-
ness, and Facebook.

case against the firms:
 The request to Alphabet
targets 24 products and ser-
vices, from advertising tech-
nology to YouTube and the
Waze navigation app, seeking
executives’ communications
regarding acquisitions and
how other businesses interact
with Google’s own services.
 The lawmakers asked
Amazon to provide executive
communications related to
product searches on Ama- and the pricing of
Amazon Prime as well as fees
charged to sellers.
 Apple was asked for ex-
ecutives’ emails about search
rankings in its App Store,
whether Apple has discussed
copying some third-party apps
and the company’s policy on
requiring that apps use Ap-
ple’s payment systems for pur-
chases, an issue raised by Spo-
tify Technology SA in an
antitrust complaint in Europe.
The Wall Street Journal has
reported that Apple routinely
lists apps ahead of competi-
tors though the company’s
apps skirt its own rules for
Apple, which takes a 30%
cut from most apps it sells,
has said the App Store encour-
ages competition and that its
cut is justified by the work its
staff does reviewing apps to

Continued from Page One


Seek CEO


with the investigation said. In-
vestigators are also focused on
former executives of USA Gym-
nastics, USA Taekwondo and
other governing bodies for
their handling of abuse cases
and for potentially unethical
conduct, two of the people said.
“Every instance related to
potential or actual abuse of
athletes warrants thorough in-
vestigation,” said USOPC
spokesman Mark Jones. “We
have cooperated with all gov-
ernment inquiries and will con-
tinue to do so.”
A spokesman for the Justice
Department declined to com-
ment, as did a spokeswoman

for the U.S. attorney’s office in
Separately, prosecutors in
the Justice Department’s pub-
lic-integrity unit are investigat-
ing how several offices of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation
handled reports of Nassar’s
abuse in 2015 and 2016, two
people familiar with the inves-
tigation said. That investigation
has focused on former USA
Gymnastics President Steve
Penny and his dealings with FBI
agents, the people said.
Mr. Penny is also under
scrutiny in the investigation
into the U.S. Olympic system,
people familiar with the matter

of around 44 per 100,000.
Firearms are the most
common method of suicide
used by men. In 2017, 56% of
male suicides killed them-
selves with a firearm, while
among women, poison, fire-
arms and suffocation ac-
counted for 90% of suicides
in nearly equal measure, ac-
cording to the CDC data.
Whether someone acts on
the urge to commit suicide
may hinge on having access to
a preferred method in a mo-
ment of crisis. In one study,
the Israel Defense Forces

found that restricting access
to weapons, among other in-
terventions, reduced the sol-
diers’ suicide rate by 57%.
Because of the percent-
age of suicides involving
firearms (more suicides
than homicides involve
guns), the American Foun-
dation for Suicide Preven-
tion and the National
Shooting Sports Foundation
are working together to en-
courage the safe storage of
“People don’t make that
connection,” Dr. Harkavy-

THE NUMBERS|By Jo Craven McGinty

To Lower Suicides, Methods Matter

In the U.S.,
the rate of
suicide has
steadily in-
creased for
more than a
decade. The reasons for that
are uncertain, but one thing
is clear: The urge to take
your own life is fleeting.
According to researchers
at Harvard University, nine
out of 10 people who at-
tempt suicide and survive
won’t go on to die by suicide
at a later date. Because of
that, blocking access to
methods of suicide can be a
powerful deterrent.
In 2017, the most recent
year available, 47,173 people
died from suicide, up from
29,350 in 2000, according to
the American Foundation for
Suicide Prevention and the
Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. It is the
10th-leading cause of death,
according to the CDC.
“Almost every demo-
graphic group is moving in
the wrong direction,” said
Christine Moutier, chief med-
ical officer of the American
Foundation for Suicide Pre-
vention, which recognizes
National Suicide Prevention
Week through Saturday. “We
probably won’t be able to
prevent every suicide, al-
though that is our aspira-
tional goal, but we can do a

lot better.”
There is no single motiva-
tion for suicide, according to
experts, but risk factors in-
clude mental-health issues,
physical-health problems and
early trauma, such as abuse,
neglect or head injury.
“There are a multitude of
factors,” said Jill Harkavy-
Friedman, vice president of
research at the American
Foundation for Suicide Pre-
vention. “We don’t fully un-
derstand how someone tran-
sitions from being at risk to
acting on it.”


till, certain trends are
apparent. Those who
are at greatest risk are
white males and, in particu-
lar, middle-age white men. In
2017, white males accounted
for nearly 70% of all sui-
cides, according to data col-
lected by the CDC. White
women accounted for 19.4%.
Men of color represented
8.3%, and women of color
represented 2.6%.
The rate of suicide for the
oldest white men was higher
than for middle-age white
men, but in raw numbers,
more middle-aged men died.
In 2017, 8,927 white men
ages 45 to 59 killed them-
selves, a rate of around 35 per
100,000 men in that group,
while 3,322 men age 75 and
older died by suicide, a rate

Friedman said. “They have a
firearm for hunting or sport.
They don’t understand that
if you have a person in the
home who is struggling—and
it’s not necessarily a family
member—if a gun isn’t
locked and unloaded, some-
body may use it.”


he simple act of block-
ing access to a suicide
method is believed to
be effective because of the
way the brain functions.
“In a moment of crisis,
the brain changes,” said
Alexis O’Brien, a spokes-
woman for the American
Foundation for Suicide Pre-
vention. “It becomes more
rigid. You don’t think as flu-
idly as you would in other
In the case of suicide, in-
dividuals tend to become fix-
ated on a method, she said,
and if something comes be-
tween them and the means
they have settled on, they
often don’t choose an alter-
native. “That’s why bridge
barriers are so successful,”
Ms. O’Brien said. “They
don’t drive down the road to
the next bridge. They just
don’t die.”
The National Suicide Pre-
vention Lifeline can be
reached 24 hours a day,
seven days a week, at


Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

*Age adjusted†Includes pneumonia‡2016 figures

Suiciderate* Topcausesofdeath‡
0thousand50 500750







per 100,

2000 ’05 ’10 ’

said. Until his resignation in
2017, Mr. Penny wielded enor-
mous power over national-team
gymnasts, in some cases serv-
ing as their agent in endorse-
ment deals and organizing
heavily sponsored post-Olympic
tours, people familiar with his
work said. People familiar with
the matter said these arrange-
ments were of interest to fed-
eral investigators, as are simi-
lar arrangements at other
national governing bodies,
through which governing-body
executives could profit from
their positions.
A lawyer for Mr. Penny,
Edith Matthai, said the only in-
vestigation her client is aware
of is the inquiry into the FBI’s
handling of the case. “He has
not personally received any
money whatsoever from any
source related to any endorse-
ment or other promotional ac-
tivity by an athlete or a mem-
ber of an athlete’s family,” Ms.
Matthai said, adding that any
implication he had done so was
“flat out false and defamatory.”
The FBI’s national press of-
fice referred requests for com-
ment to the Justice Department
and the Inspector General’s of-
fice, which didn’t respond.
Mr. Penny was forced out in
March 2017 amid mounting
outrage over his handling of

sexual-abuse cases, including a
five-week delay—first reported
by The Wall Street Journal—in
reporting gymnasts’ concerns
about Nassar to the FBI. The
gymnasts’ allegations then lan-
guished for nearly a year in
several FBI field offices.
Nassar is serving a life sen-
tence in federal prison.
USA Gymnastics filed for
bankruptcy in December.
“USA Gymnastics is striving
to become an athlete-centric
organization that keeps athlete
safety and well-being at the
forefront of everything it does,”
a spokeswoman for the group
said in an email, adding that it
was cooperating with the gov-
ernment investigation.
Justice Department investi-
gators are also investigating
USA Taekwondo, people famil-
iar with the matter said. In a
class-action lawsuit, dozens of
women alleged “forced labor
and services, sex trafficking,
and other travesties” by the
USOPC, USA Taekwondo and
SafeSport. The three bodies
have denied the allegations.
SafeSport was dismissed from
the case earlier this year. Law-
yers and a representative for
USA Taekwondo didn’t respond
to a request for comment.
—Louise Radnofsky
contributed to this article.

U.S. Center for SafeSport, a
nonprofit set up in 2017 to han-
dle reports of abuse in Olympic
sports. Prosecutors from those
offices, along with investigators
from the Internal Revenue Ser-
vice, have spoken with poten-
tial witnesses regarding alleged
abuse and misconduct in Olym-
pic sports organizations, in-
cluding USA Gymnastics and
USA Taekwondo.
A person familiar with as-
pects of the investigation said
that inquiry appeared to be ex-
amining “failures in the Olym-
pic system, writ large, to re-
spond to signs of widespread
child abuse.”
Investigators are broadly
considering whether power dy-
namics at work in the billion-
dollar U.S. Olympic system—
with aspiring athletes, many
underage, at the mercy of
coaches, governing bodies and
the USOPC—amount to exploi-
tation, other people familiar

Continued from Page One




The congressional
probe adds to the
scrutiny already on
the tech giants.
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