Farmer’s Weekly – 23 August 2019

(Kiana) #1

World News WeeklyneWsWrap

Non-carnivore threat to

livestock examined

EU wheat harvest well advanced

In Brief

methodologies for
reducing human-
wildlife conflict to
species could
benefit farmers
whose livelihoods
are being
FW Archive

As human populations have
expanded, human-wildlife
conflict has increased,
particularly when humans or
their livelihoods are endangered.
New research by Dr Shari
Rodriguez and Dr Christie
Sampson of Clemson University
in South Carolina in the US,
published in the journal PLOS
Biology, examined the threat of
non-carnivores, such as feral
pigs and elephants, to livestock.
In the past, most research on
human-wildlife conflict had
focused on the impact of tigers,
wolves and other predators.
“Our study highlights the
importance of including species
not traditionally considered in the
livestock protection conversation,
and finding similarities in how
the effects of non-Carnivora
species can be addressed through
the same methodologies as
species such as wolves, tigers
or lions,” Rodriguez said.
The research showed that these
species could have a significant
effect on the livelihoods of
farmers by killing young and
small livestock, and damaging

livestock farming infrastructure.
They could also affect local
communities’ perception of
the species, and in the case of
species that were of conservation
concern, such as elephants,
this could potentially reduce
people’s willingness to support
conservation initiatives. “Sharing
experiences across taxa and
adopting methodologies found to
be successful for other [predatory]
species may help us improve
the tools we use to promote
co-existence and conservation
efforts for elephants,” said
Sampson. – Staff reporter

A positive outcome of the
extreme heatwaves experienced
across Western Europe this
summer has been that farmers
across the region have been
able to make rapid progress
with wheat harvesting.
The top four growers, France,
Germany, the UK and Poland,
were expected to harvest
larger crops following the
drought damage suffered to
crops last year. However, it
has been reported that late
rainfall in Germany was
hampering the final stages
of the harvesting process.
The agriculture ministry in
the EU’s largest wheat producer,
France, increased the estimate

for the 2019 soft wheat crop to
a four-year high of 38,2 million
tons, 12% higher than last year.
The French harvest also
showed reasonable wheat
quality, including adequate
protein content of 11% or
above, according to traders.
In the second largest producer,
Germany, it has been reported
that over 85% of wheat had
been harvested, and it was
estimated that the harvest
would amount to between
23 million tons and 23,5 million
tons, a 15% increase on 2018.
The UK had also started to
harvest what was expected
to be its largest wheat crop
since 2015. – Staff reporter

Fruit crops in the Okanagan
region in British Columbia
have suffered severe
damage following excessive
rainfall this summer.
Some fruit farmers have
reported one of their worst
seasons in 20 years, with
50% to 60% of early crops of
cherries being ‘unpickable’.
However, the country’s ministry
of agriculture confirmed
that it would not be able to
determine the full extent of the
damage before the end of the
season, as more damage was
expected in coming months.

Scientists finalising a UN
Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC) report
in Geneva, recently delivered
a stark condemnation of the
damage being done to the
land surface of the planet.
Human activities have led to
the degrading of soils, expanded
deserts, felled forests, driven-out
wildlife, and drained peatlands,
they said. This land abuse
needed to be stopped to avoid
catastrophic climate heating.
Between a quarter and a third
of all greenhouse gas emissions
were now estimated to come

Shortages of sweet potatoes
in the US have opened up
a window of opportunity
for exporters in Egypt.
“The shortages in the US have
[resulted in] an unprecedented
demand from European
countries. It’s also had a great
impact on the prices, which just
about tripled,” said Mohamed
Abdallah, owner of Freshious,
an export company. “We
suddenly had to increase our
manpower, and expect to export
about 4 000t of sweet potatoes
this season.” – Staff reporter

23 August 2019 farmer’sweekly 17
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