The Divergence of Judaism and Islam. Interdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil

(Joyce) #1

92 · Gökçe Yurdakul and Y. Michal Bodemann

Joppke, “Multicultural Citizenship in Germany,” in Race and Ethnicity: Compara-
tive and Theoretical Approaches, ed. John Stone and Rutledge Dennis (Malden,
Mass.: Blackwell, 2003), 359–67; Dietmar Schirmer, “Closing the Nation: Na-
tionalism and Statism in Nineteenth-#and Twentieth-Century Germany,” paper
presented at the German Studies Association’s Conference, San Diego (2002);
Beauftragte für Migration, Flüchtlinge, und Integration, Einbürgerung: Fair, Ge-
recht, Tolerant (2000),

  1. Statistisches Bundesamt, Türkischer Bund Berlin Brandenburg, Ein -
    bürgerungen in Deutschland, (2002, 2003)

  2. Article 116 par. 2 of the German Constitution reads: “Former German
    citizens, who between January 30, 1933, and May 8, 1945, were deprived of their
    citizenship on political, racial, or religious grounds, and their descendants, shall
    on application have their citizenship restored. They shall be deemed never to
    have been deprived of their citizenship if they have established their domicile in
    Germany after May 8, 1945, and have not expressed a contrary intention.... The
    above-mentioned group of people mainly includes German Jews and members
    of the Communist or Social Democratic Parties.”

  3. On the nature of “problematic counting of Jews,” see Calvin Goldscheider,
    Studying the Jewish Future (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2004).

  4. Lea Fleischmann, Dies ist nicht mein Land: Eine Jüdin verlässt die Bundesre-
    publik. (Munich: Heyne Verlag, 1986).

  5. James E. Young, “Variations of Memory: Berlin to New York after 1989,”
    conference presentation at the (Re)Visualising National History: Museology
    and National Identities in Europe in the New Millennium, University of To-
    ronto, March 2004.

  6. Y. Michal Bodemann, Gedächtnistheater: Die Jüdische Gemeinschaft und ihre
    deutsche Erfindung (Hamburg: Rotbuch, 1996); Jerome S. Legge Jr., Jews, Turks,
    and Other Strangers: The Roots of Prejudice in Modern Germany (Madison: Univer-
    sity of Wisconsin Press, 2003).

  7. This is discussed in Y. Michal Bodemann, In den Wogen der Erinnerung: Jü-
    dische Existenz in Deutschland (München: Deutscher Taschenbuch, 2002), 185. The
    boldest statement, most recently, is by Micha Brumlik, who has spoken firmly of
    German Jewish patriotism in “Dies ist mein Land” (This is my country), Jüdische
    Allgemeine, 23 December 2004. The title alludes to Lea Fleischmann’s book title,
    Dies ist nicht mein Land (1986).

  8. Immigration from Turkey to Germany includes not only Turks but also
    Kurds and other ethnic and religious minorities, such as Alevites and Yezidis.

  9. Ayse S. Çağlar, “German-Turks in Berlin: A Quest for Social Mobility”
    (PhD diss., McGill University, 1994).

  10. John Berger, The Seventh Man: The Story of a Migrant Worker in Europe
    (Middlesex: Penguin, 1975).

  11. Lenie Brouwer and Marijke Prister, “Living in Between: Turkish Women
    in Their Homeland and in the Netherlands,” in One-Way Ticket: Migration and

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