138 · Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman
- Tribesmen in the north of Yemen even taught the Jews to use guns. Yahya
Eraqi, interview, March 1982.
- On Shaykh Naṣir Mabkhut, see R. B. Serjeant, “The Post-Medieval and
Modern History of San ̔a ̓ and the Yemen, ca. 953–1382/1515–1962,” in San ̔a ̓:
An Arabian Islamic City, ed. R. B. Serjeant and Ronald Lewcock (London: World
of Islam Festival Trust, 1983), 100n298.
- Abraham Ovadia, Netivot Temam ve-Zion (Tel-Aviv: Afiqim, 1985), 35.
- Cf. protection granted to a Jew by the ̔Umaysi tribe in the Khawlan dis-
trict: “Our protection is given to you. Do not be afraid. Whoever throws water
on you, we shall cover him with blood.” Nissim Binyamin Gamli ̓eli, Ḥevyon
Teman: Memoirs, Stories, Folk Tales (Ramle: author, 1983), 18.
- Zadoc ̔Umaysi, interview, October 1994.
- Hayyim Ḥabshush, Mas ̔ot Ḥabshush, ed. S. D. Goitein (Tel-Aviv, 1939),
- For Morocco, see Shlomo Deshen, The Mellah Society, 21; Daniel Schroeter,
“Trade as a Mediator in Muslim-Jewish Relations: Southwestern Morocco in the
Nineteenth Century,” in Jews among Arabs: Contacts and Boundaries, ed. Mark R.
Cohen and Abraham L. Udovitch (Princeton, N.J.: Darwin Press, 1989), 124–25.
For Libya, see Harvey Goldberg, Mordecai Ha-Cohen: Higgid Mordecai (Jerusa-
lem: Ben-Zvi Institute, 1978), 45; Goldberg, Jewish Life, 12, 81; Lawrence Rosen,
“Muslim-Jewish Relations in a Moroccan City,” International Journal of Middle
East Studies 3 (1972): 445.
- See R. B. Serjeant, Customary and Shari ̔ah Law in Arabian Society (Hamp-
shire: Varioum, 1991), 118–19; Gamli ̓eli, Ḥevyon Teman, 74.
- Cf. Goldberg, Jewish Life, 75, about Jewish peddlers in Libya who were
allowed to enter Muslim homes and have direct contact with the women of the
- In March 1982 interviews, Pinhas Qapara explained: “The Arabs need
the Jews, the Jew is like the salt of their life,” and Yaḥya Eraqi related that the
tribesmen of the Mran district in northern Yemen pleaded that he move to their
village, “since it is impossible that whenever we need to fix a gun we have to
go to the village of al-Hajar.”
- S. D. Goitein, “Al ha-ḥayyim ha-ṣiburiyim shel ha-yehudim be- ̓eres Te-
man,” in ha-Temanim: historia, sidrei ḥevra, ḥayei ruaḥ, ed. Menahem Ben Sasson
(Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute, 1983), 201–202; Serjeant, Customary and Shari ̔ah
Law, 120; Yosef Qafih, Halikhot Teman (Jerusalem: Ben-Zvi Institute, 1978), 227;
Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman, “Yehudei ha-kfarim ba-ḥevra u-va-kalkala shel Te-
man,” Tehuda 15 (1995): 44; Carmela Abdar, “ha-Mivne ha-miqṣo ̔i shel toshvei
Surm al- ̔Awd kevituy le-ma ̔mado ve-ha-tahlikhim she ̔avru ̔alav,” in Le-Rosh
Yosef, ed. Yosef Tobi (Jerusalem: Afiqim, 1995), 493.
- S. D. Goitein describes Jewish and Muslim relationships in Yemen as “a
very tight symbiosis.” See “Dyuqano shel kfar orgim temani” in ha-Temanim, ed.
Ben Sasson, 229.
- For immigration from Yemen to Palestine and its motives, see Bat-Zion