(coco) #1

2019 Annual Report (^17)
Networks: More than Just Connectivity
The ICT industry is advancing towards intelligent
connectivity. Networks are going beyond
people-to-people communications to enable
communications between people and things, and
among things themselves. Going forward, networks
will serve autonomous systems that operate on their
own within human-defined rules.
Against this backdrop, networks will have to deliver
more than simple connectivity. Network metrics
will shift from quality of service (QoS) to quality of
experience (QoE). Best-effort performance will be
upgraded to deterministic performance. Networks must
ensure not only bandwidth and reliability, but security
and trustworthiness.
In computing, centralized architecture will give way to
a distributed model where a three-layer collaborative
structure – from smart devices and edge computing
to central clouds – guarantees the most efficient
use of scattered computing resources. Networks are
evolving away from basic broadband connections to
ultra-broadband networks and deterministic all-IP
networks. Intelligent networks with an agile, open,
all-cloud architecture will be able to support the
elastic computing of enormous datasets. Examples
include lossless data center networks for distributed AI
computing, 5G E2E deterministic networks, all-optical
ultra-broadband networks, and computing-first
Digital Transformation: Integrating Deeper into Every Industry
Digital technology is an integral part of how we think,
work, and live in the modern world. For businesses,
digital transformation is a way to meet new consumer
needs and adapt to the workforce of the future.
5G will support hundreds of billions of connections,
high bandwidth (up to 20 Gbit/s), and ultra-low
latency (down to 1 millisecond). This means 5G is
almost as fast as fiber and more real-time than
industrial fieldbus systems. In combination with
technologies like cloud computing, edge computing,
VR/AR, AI, IoT, big data, and blockchain, 5G will
upgrade dumb pipes into intelligent network
infrastructure, enabling the digital transformation of
every sector: smart government, smart finance, smart
energy, smart transportation, smart manufacturing,
and smart education, etc.
Collaborating Across the Ecosystem for a Symbiotic Economy
In the intelligent world, no single company will
be able to succeed on its own. Open source is a
crucial element in a vibrant software ecosystem.
Open-sourcing hardware and chipsets will allow
businesses to unlock the full potential of technological
innovations, and to explore more possibilities with
their partners. Pervasive intelligence will help eliminate
technical barriers to innovation. Open source gives
everyone a chance to be their own developer.
The ICT ecosystem is shifting from bilateral
cooperation to full-ecosystem collaboration. The new
model features openness (via open source), sharing
benefits with partners, and a collaborative approach
to exploring new untapped markets. Full-ecosystem
collaboration will ultimately lead to a symbiotic
economy, and one of the key pathways to the
symbiotic economy is through cloud.
Cloud enables open, diverse ecosystems to share
successes. Cloud-native (born in the cloud) and
cloud-enabled (growing with the cloud) models are
essential for businesses to enhance their innovation
and efficiency.

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