ownership, but uses it against Nozick’s initial acquisition argument; he also rejects
Rawls’s motivational assumptions, arguing that we need to change our attitudes
and become less acquisitive.
- Do people deserveto keep the fruits of their labour?
- If you are as well off as you could possibly be, can you have any grounds for
objecting that other people are better off than you?
- Is taxation ‘forced labour’?
- Should the state reward men and women for bringing up children, and doing
Cohen, G.A. (1979) ‘Capitalism, Freedom, and the Proletariat’ in A. Ryan (ed.) The Idea of
FreedomOxford: Oxford University Press.
Cohen, G.A. (2000) If You’re An Egalitarian, How Come You’re So Rich?Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press.
Locke, J. (1988) Two Treatises of Government(ed. P. Laslett), student edn, Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Nagel, T. (1991) Equality and PartialityNew York: Oxford University Press.
Nozick, R. (1974) Anarchy, State, and UtopiaNew York: Basic Books.
Rawls, J. (1972) A Theory of JusticeOxford: Oxford University Press.
Rawls, J. (2001) Justice as Fairness: A RestatementCambridge, MA: Harvard University
Steiner, H. (1974) ‘The Natural Right to Equal Freedom’ Mind83(330), 41–9.
Wolff, J. (1991) Robert Nozick: Property, Justice and the Minimal StateOxford: Polity Press.
The primary texts are Rawls (1972), Part One; Nozick (1974), Chapter 7; Cohen (1979);
Cohen (2000). There are several commentaries on Rawls, the first of which was Brian Barry,
The Liberal Theory of Justice(Oxford: Clarendon, 1973), but more recent ones are: Samuel
Freeman, Rawls(London: Routledge, 2007); Thomas Pogge, Rawls(Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2007); Catherine Audard, John Rawls(Montreal: McGill–Queen’s University
Press, 2007); Paul Graham, Rawls(Oxford: Oneworld, 2007). A collection of early essays
on Rawls can be found in Norman Daniels (ed.) Reading Rawls: Critical Studies on Rawls’s
A Theory of Justice(Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1989, first published 1973);
slightly more recent works on Rawls are: Chandran Kukathas and Philip Pettit, Rawls: A
Theory of Justice and its Critics(Cambridge: Polity Press, 1990); and Thomas Pogge,
Realizing Rawls(Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989). There are fewer works on
Nozick. The best is Wolff (1991). Others – both collections of essays – are: Jeffrey Paul (ed.)
Reading Nozick: Essays on Anarchy, State and Utopia(Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield,
1981); and David Schmidtz (ed.) Robert Nozick(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
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