Objective To solve tw o-step equations in one variable
To get s ta rte d , think
about the simpler
case in which you have
ju st one chest of
* f | ■' G e t t i n g R e a d y!
The diagram shows the amount of money that each player starts with
in a video g a m e. T o b e f a i r , e a c h p la y e r should have t h e sam e am o u n t
of money. I f each chest contains the same amount of money, how
much money must be in each chest? How do you know?
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@ Common Core State Standards
A-REI.B.3 Solve linear equations and inequalities
in one variable, including equations w ith coefficients
represented by letters. Also A-CED.A.1, A-REI.A.1
MP2, MP 3,MP4
The problem in th e Solve It can be m o d eled by an equation. The equations in this lesson
are different from th e equations in Lesson 2-1 because they require two steps to solve.
Essent ial Und er st and ing To solve tw o-step equations, you can use the
properties of equality a n d inverse operations to form a series of sim pler equivalent
equations. You can use th e properties of equality repeatedly to isolate th e variable.
A tw o-step equation, like th e one show n below, involves two operations.
2x + 3 = 15
To solve a tw o-step equation, identify th e operations an d u n d o th e m using inverse
operations. You can u n d o th e operations in th e reverse order of the order of operations.
For example, to solve 2x + 3 = 15, you can use subtraction first to u n d o the addition,
a n d th e n use division to u n d o th e m ultiplication.
88 Chapter 2 Solving Equations