Microsoft Word - Woodshop 101 Part 1 of 3

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make shorter.

Note to Parents

Your children will probably catch on to
this quickly if they are already familiar
with fractions, however; the problem
usually comes from adding all this
together such as something that’s 3’ 8
¾” long. To avoid frustration early on
find objects around the house that are
even on the inch marks or the foot
marks. After they are comfortable with
this start adding in items that are small
but forces them to figure out the fraction
mark like 3 ¼”.

Let’s take a closer look at the ruler in figure 1. You’ll notice that it’s
divided equally into parts. The ½ mark is in the middle or half the
distance between the start and ending of the inch. The next smaller
equally divided part we have is the ¼ mark. There are 4 of these marks
that make up an inch just like there are 4 quarters that make up a dollar.
If we add these together, ¼ + ¼ + ¼ + ¼ = 4/4 or 1 inch. The same is
true for the next smaller equally divided part1/8.Bycountingevery
other line, which is the portion that equals1/8,you’ll count 8 lines.
Adding these lines together you get 8/8 or 1 inch. With the1/16mark
you count all the lines because each line is1/16to the next line. Adding
these lines you get 16/16 or 1 inch.

One thing you need to know about writing measurements
abbreviated. The abbreviation for a foot is (‘) and the
abbreviation for an inch is (“(. So if you just measured the
length of a board and it was 3 feet 10 inches you would
write 3’ 10”.

My head hurts now, can we take a break?
Ok,ifthisisstillallalittlefuzzy,trythis. Gogetapieceofnotebook
paper. The piece of paper will represent an inch. Fold it in half long
ways and crease the paper, label this as ½”. Take the outside corners
and fold each to the middle or ½” mark, label these as ¼”. Fold the ends
this time to the ¼” line; mark this as 1/8”. Again fold the outside edges
this time to the 1/8” line and label this 1/16”. You have just done the
same thing as in figure 1; divide a given amount, in this example an inch,
into equal parts.

Many times you will have to measure things
that are much longer and wider than 12”,
which is all a typical ruler will measure. That’s
why woodworkers carry a measuring tape. A
measuring tape is much like a ruler only it can
be used to measure much longer distances.
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