Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications

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Alcohol Intoxication 3. The legal defi 4. Nontolerant individuals with blood alcohol concentrations 1. Symptoms of alcohol intoxication include disinhibition Alcohol Withdrawal 1. Occurs within 4 to 12 hours of cessation of, or reduction in, 2. Symptoms include coarse tremor of hands, tongue, or eye- 3. Without aggressive intervention, the individual may prog- 2. Physical and behavioral impairment based on blood alcohol condition, and level of tolerance. of sexual or aggressive impulses, mood lability, impaired ress to United States is a blood alcohol concentration of 80 or 100 mg ethanol per deciliter of blood (mg/dL), which is also measured as 0.08 to 0.10 g/dL. judgment, impaired social or occupational functioning, greater than 300 mg/dL are at risk for respiratory failure, slurred speech, incoordination, unsteady gait, nystagmus, and flday following cessation of, or reduction in, prolonged, heavy heavy and prolonged alcohol use.alcohol use. Symptoms include those described under the lids; nausea or vomiting; malaise or weakness; tachycardia; sweating; elevated blood pressure; anxiety; depressed mood or irritability; transient hallucinations or illusions; headache; seizures; and insomnia.concentrations differ according to gender, body size, physical coma, and death (Sadock & Sadock, 2007). ushed face.alcohol withdrawal nition of intoxication in most states in the delirium about the second or third

  1. Chronic daily (or almost daily) use usually results in an 1. The use of amphetamines is often initiated for their appetite- 2. Amphetamines are also taken for the initial feeling of well- 3. They are typically taken orally, intravenously, or by nasal Amphetamine (or Amphetamine-like) 5. Episodic use often takes the form of binges, followed by 6. Continued use appears to be related to a “craving” for the Dependence/Abuseinhalation.syndrome of delirium (see Chapter 3).increase in dosage over time to produce the desired effect.being and confian intense and unpleasant “crash” in which the individual experiences anxiety, irritability, and feelings of fatigue and depression.substance, rather than to prevention or alleviation of with-suppressant effect in an attempt to lose or control weight.drawal symptoms. dence.

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