Notes to Chapters 3 and 4 245
Kharkevich, “Informatsia i teckhnika,” 102.
For the first public formulation of Moore’s law, see Gordon E. Moore, “Cram-
ming More Components onto Integrated Circuits,” Electronics 38 (8) (1965): 114–
For the first systematic work to treat knowledge as an economic measure and
resource and thus to anticipate the accounting of postindustrial information and
service sectors, see Fritz Machlup, The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the
United States (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962).
Kharkevich, “Informatsia i tekhnika,” 102.
N. I. Kovalev, “Doklad o rabote i perspektivakh razvitiya VTs pri Goseko-
nomsovete” [“Report about the Work and Perspectives of the Development of Infor-
mation Technology in the Gosekonomsovet”], July 23, 1962, Rossiiskii
gosudarstvenniyi arkhiv ekonomiki (RGAE) [Russian State Archive of Economics],
Moscow, f. 9480, o. 7, d. 466, l. 77–97, quoted in Kuteinikov, “Pervie proekti,” 134
Ibid., quoted in Kuteinikov, “Pervie proektyi,” 134–135.
For more on the cultural complications of automation as a Soviet concept, see
Slava Gerovitch, “Human-Machine Issues in the Soviet Space Program,” Critical
Issues in the History of Spaceflight, ed. Steven J. Dick and Roger D. Launius, 107–140
(Washington, DC: NASA History Division, 2006).
Rasmus Kleis Nielsen, “Democracy,” in Digital Keywords: A Vocabulary for Infor-
mation Society and Culture, ed. Benjamin Peters (Princeton: Princeton University
Press, under review), accessed April 15, 2015, http://culturedigitally.org/2014/05/
democracy-draft-digitalkeywords. See also John Keane, The Life and Death of Democ-
racy (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2009).
Chapter 4: Staging the OGAS, 1962 to 1969
- John Lewis Gaddis, The Cold War: A New History (New York: Penguin Press, 2005),
- V. Glushkov, “Kibernetika, progress, budushchee,” Literaturnaya Gazeta, Septem-
ber 25, 1962, 1–3.