Economic Growth and Development

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List of Abbreviations

ANC African National Congress
BMI Body mass index
CMH Commission on Macroeconomics and Health
EFA Education for All
EIU Economist Intelligence Unit
ELF Ethnolinguistic fractionalization
FDI Foreign direct investment
GDI Gender-related development index
GDP Gross domestic product
GEM Gender empowerment measure
GNP Gross national product
HDI Human Development Index
HDR Human Development Report
HIPC Highly indebted poor country
HYV High-yield variety
ILO International Labour Organization
IMR Infant mortality rate
IPR Intellectual property rights
ITT International technology transfer
LDC Less developed country
LIC Low-income country
LMC Lower-middle-income country
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
MFA Multi-Fibre Agreement
MNC Multinational corporation
NGO Non-governmental organization
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OOP Out of pocket payment
PPP Purchasing Power Parity
R&D Research and development
RBM Roll Back Malaria
RTA Regional Trade Agreements
SEZ Special Economic Zone
TFP Total factor productivity
TFR Total fertility rate
TRIPs Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights
TVE Township and Village Enterprise
UMC Upper-middle-income country

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