Curonian Spit National Park 5
Kuršių Nerijos Nacionalinis parkas
A narrow 98-km (61-mile) strip of land on the Baltic
coast, the Curonian Spit was formed 5,000 years ago.
Its landscape consists largely of pine forests, dunes and
sandy beaches. The park’s forests are rich in wildlife
such as roe deer, elk, foxes and wild boars. The dunes
that tower over the village of Nida fall like cliffs into
the Curonian Lagoon. Entire villages have been buried
beneath the shifting sands. The Curonian Spit National
Park, covering most of the spit, was created in 1991 to
preserve the dunes, lagoons and surrounding area, and
has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000.
62 NORTH EASTERN EUROPE
For hotels and restaurants in this region see pp68–9
The highly characteristic
red-and-blue fishermen’s cottages
in Nida have remained unchanged
for centuries. Some old weather-
beaten fishing boats lie in the
gardens outside the cottages.
Curonian Spit National Park
The entire length of the spit
on the side of the Baltic Sea
is one long sandy beach.
Areas adjacent to the villages
are popular in summer, but
other parts are little visited.
Throughout the spit, parking
is allowed only at designated
. Parnidis Dune
Looming 52 m (171 ft) above Nida, Parnidis
Dune offers great views and is one of the high-
est points on the spit. A sundial erected here in
1995 collapsed during a storm in 1999. Only
part of the sundial has been reconstructed.
at 67 m (220 ft),
is the highest
wooded dune and
can be seen from
the forest trail.
Area of the